Let’s know Atal Bihari Vajpayee History, He took his last breath at AIIMS Hospital at 5:05 pm (August 16, 2018). 93-year-old Prime Minister Atal Bihari Bajpayee left us on August 16, 2018. May God have mercy on him.
Who is Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee is a multi-talented politician, who has been active in Indian politics for the past 50 years. Was the most ideal and admired politician of his political journey. Being a leader like Atal Ji is a source of pride for the whole country. Because of his many works, the country is at this point today.
After Jawaharlal Nehru, if anyone becomes Prime Minister three times, it is Atal Ji. Has been active in Parliament for the past five decades, and he is the only politician to have been elected to represent 4 different states.
Atal Ji had entered politics before India’s independence, and also participated in the Quit India movement with Gandhiji, and oftentimes torture in prison was also valid.
A porter rich in diversity, he is also a very good poet, he has surprised everyone with his poetry and satire of politics, and many of his works have been published, which people still read.
Atal Ji is very fond of his native Hindi and he became the first politician to give a speech in Hindi at the United Nations General Assembly.
He became prime minister for the first time in just 13 days. One year after that became prime minister again, but this time also his one-year trip. When Atalji became prime minister for the third time, his term lasted 5 years and was considered the most successful.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ji was born into a middle-class family in Gwalior District, Madhya Pradesh. He had 7 siblings. Father, Krishna Bihari, was a teacher and poet. After studying at Swarasti School, Atal Ji completed his graduation from Laxmibai College, and after which he graduated in Economics from DAVV College, Kanpur.
He also applied for further studies at Lucknow Law College, but then did not feel the desire to study and began working as an editor for a magazine published by RSS. Atal Ji is known as a very good journalist, politician, and poet. Atal Ji never married but adopted two daughters from BN Kaul, Namita, and Nandita.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee ji remained a true patriot, even while studying, he stood with the great leaders in the struggle for freedom. He was also the editor of several Indian newspapers at that time.
Atal Ji’s political journey began as a freedom fighter. In 1942, he participated in the End India movement with other leaders and went to prison, where he met the leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee.
Atal Ji learned the tricks of politics with Mukherjee Ji. Mukherjee’s health began to deteriorate and he soon died, after Atal Ji took the reins of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and expanded it to the whole country.
- In 1954, he was elected a Member of Parliament for Balrampur. Even in his younger days, Atal Ji earned a lot of respect and esteem in politics for his reasoning and understanding.
- After the death of Deendayal Upadhyay in 1968, Atal Ji became the national chief of Jan Sangh. Thereafter, he worked diligently for several years with Nanaji Desai, Balraj Madhok, and Lal Krishna Advani to push the Jan Sangh Party forward in Indian politics.
- In 1977, the BJP allied with the BJP Lok Dal, which was called the Janata Party. The Janata Party grew very fast and also achieved success in the local elections, after that, when the Janata Party leader Morarji Desai became the Prime Minister and came to power, Atal Ji was appointed Minister of External Affairs. After that, he toured China and Pakistan, where he suggested improving India’s relations with these two countries.
- When Morarji Desai resigned as Prime Minister in 1979, the Janata Party also began to disintegrate. Atal Ji formed the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980, along with Lal Krishna Advani and Bhairav Singh Shekhawat, and became the party’s first national president. For the next five years, Atal Ji was the head of the party.
- In the 1984 elections, the BJP lost only two seats, after which Atal Ji worked hard to strengthen the party and in the next parliamentary elections in 1989, the BJP was ahead with a margin of 88 seats.
- In 1991, due to opposition demand, elections were held in Parliament again, with the BJP leading with 120 seats.
- In 1993, Atal Ji held the position of Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. At the BJP conference held in Mumbai in November 1995, Atal Ji was announced as the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate.
Journey to become the Prime Minister
- In the 1996 elections, the BJP was the largest single political party. In May 1996, the BJP won and Atal Ji was elected to the post of Prime Minister. But the BJP did not get support from the other parties, due to the fall of the BJP government, and Atal Ji was forced to resign from the post in just 13 days.
- Between 1996 and 1998, two more governments were formed, but they also fell due to a lack of support. Subsequently, the BJP along with other parties formed the local National Party. BJP came to power again but this time their government also lasted for 13 months, Anna Dravida Munnetra’s party withdrew its support.
- India’s victory in the 1999 Indo-Pakistan war in Kargil made the Atalji government stronger. With this victory, people began to see him as a good future leader.
- In the subsequent elections, the BJP reinforced the NDA again and contested the elections. Indians were deeply affected by Kargil’s victory, and BJP get victory again, after which Atal Bihari Vajpayee sat in the prime minister’s chair for the third time.
- This time the Bajpayee government completed 5 years and became the first party outside the Congress. With the support of all parties, Atal ji decided that he would push the private sector forward to improve the country’s economic system.
- Atal Ji’s master plans were the National Highway Development Project and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.
- Atal Ji has promoted overseas investment and made people familiar with the IT sector. In 2000, US President Bill Clinton visited India, and this tour had a significant impact on the progress and relationship between the two countries.
- In 2001, Atal Ji sent an invitation to Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf to visit India. They wanted to improve Indo-Pak relations, people remember these talks held in Agra so far. After that, a bus set out for Lahore and Atal Ji himself traveled to it. But his campaign was not successful, Atalji’s foreign policy did not change much, but the public appreciates this very much.
- In 2001, Atal Ji founded Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Company.
- Atal Ji started several schemes of economic reforms, after which growth of 6-7% was recorded. It was at this time that the name India became known throughout the world.
- With the victory of Congress in 2004, Atal Ji resigned as Prime Minister.
- In 2005, Atal Ji announced his retirement from politics. After that, he did not even participate in the 2009 elections.
- Just a month after assuming power, Atal Ji and his government conducted successful tests of five underground nuclear tests in Pokharam, Rajasthan in May 1998. The test was quite successful, which is widely discussed in the country and abroad as well.
- The National Highway Development Project (NHDP) and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) started by Atal Ji were so close to his heart that he himself was so used to seeing his work. Through the NHDP, it has worked to connect the four major cities of the country, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata. Through PMGSY, the whole of India got good roads, which would connect even small villages to the city.
- Decisions made by Atal Ji during Kargil War and terrorist attacks, his leadership and diplomacy impressed everyone, which made his image appear in front of everyone.
Awards & Achievement
- In 1992, Atal Ji was awarded the Padma Vibhushan Award for his good work for the country.
- In 1994 he won the Best Parliamentary Award.
- In 2014, Atal Ji was given the country’s highest honor with Bharat Ratna. This honor was given on his birthday on 25th December by President Pranab Mukherjee at his residence. For the first time for Atal Ji, the president broke protocol and showed respect by going home of Atal Ji.
- Prime Minister Manmohan Singh calls Atal Ji the Bhishma Pitamah of Indian politics.
- Atal Ji was elected as the representative of four different states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Delhi.
Atal Ji is very fond of music, his favorite musicians are Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh, and Md Rafi. He had vowed not to marry for life, which he also stood for. He is very close to his adopted daughter Namita and Nandita and Atal Ji is also very attached to all his relatives.
Died At The Age Of 93
- The great statesman breathed his last on August 16, 2018, at AIIMS, Delhi. According to the doctors who treated him, he died of pneumonia and multiple organ failure.
- It is worth noting that Atal Ji was ill for a long time and in 2009 he also had a stroke. As a result, their ability to think and understand is affected and they gradually suffer from a disease called dementia.
Government Announces Seven-Day Mourning
On the death of Bharat Ratna award winner Atal Ji, President Ram Nath Kovind declared seven days of official mourning across the country for seven days.
From August 16, 2018, to August 22, 2018, the flag of our country will be raised at half-mast. Besides, people working in central government offices were given half a day’s leave, so that these officers could go and pay tribute to Atal Ji.
Apart from this, the governments of several states have declared official mourning in their state, schools and government offices have also been closed in their state, while the Himachal Pradesh government has declared a two-day holiday in their state.