Dr. Abdul Kalam’s involvement in nuclear power in India earned him the nickname “Indian Missile Man”. by thanking his contribution, the Government of India has honored him with the highest civilian award.

The ITU Minister of Information and Broadcasting Prakash Javadekar called Dr. ABJ in New Delhi on February 9, 2020, and the first look at Abdul Kalam’s biography was released. The title of the movie was A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: The Missile Man is APJ Abdul Kalam.

So here in this blog, will know more about the Biography of A.P.J Abdul Kalam.

“Every pain gives a lesson and every lesson changes a person”

Dr. Abdul Kalam

Who Was A.P.J Abdul Kalam?

Talking about the Biography of A.P.J Abdul Kalam, was a great scientist and leader, who fulfilled his duty towards his country, India. As a President from July 25, 2002, to July 25, 2007, and as a scientist from October 15, 1931, to July 27, 2015.

Before obtaining the title of President, he used to work with the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as an aerospace engineer.

Dr.Kalam received the President title because of his extensive work in technology and science towards his country, India. Throughout his life, he had never been married and did serve his relatives.

No wonder he’s a very simple person with a simple lifestyle. And obviously was a good-hearted man, a vegetarian, and ate simple food.

Early life, Education & Career

Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameshwaram Tamil Nadu. He belongs to a Muslim family, his full name was Avul Pakir Jainulabdin Abdul Kalam.

His father Jainulabdeen was a sailor, from his childhood he faced poverty.

Therefore, he used to sell newspapers and magazines to support the financial situation of his family. After the completion of his 10nth studies at Schwartz Higher Secondary School, near his home.

Entered in St Joseph’s College in 1954 and earned a degree in physics.

He then entered the madras and took admission into the Madras Institute of Technology for Aerospace Engineering. After completing his engineering studies, he joined DRDO in 1958 as a Senior Scientist and designed an aircraft for the Indian Air Force.

But he was not satisfied with his job, so he moved to ISRO in 1969 as a project director. Again in 1982, he joined DRDO as director. He was then appointed as senior scientific advisor to the Indians defense minister in 1992.



During his college days, he got a project and he made a double-engine hovercraft named “Nandhi”.Which had been completed after a lot of complications. It can fly above one foot from the ground with a capacity of taking two peoples.

-SLV (Satelite launch vehicle)

At a time when India only think about making its own satellite launch vehicle. Dr. Abdul Kalam has developed an SLV.SLV III for his country in 1980. Which helped India to be part of an exclusive space club member.

-Pokhran 2

Pokhran 1, the experiment did happen in May 1974. Some of the major countries, Japan, United States wants sanction against India. The best thing is that when Pokhran 2, had been done.

By consistently five times testing in the range of May 1998. They maintained high secrecy so no spy satellites can detect and they did it successfully.


When Kalam had become project director of ISRO, he made India’s first satellite “Rohini “.During his DRDO tenure, he developed five different missiles -Prithivi, Agni, Trishul, Akash, Nag. He is also known as the missile man of India.

-Kalam Raju Stent

In the year of 1998, Abdul Kalam had made a coronary stent with the help of cardiologist Soma Raju. This helps in reducing the price of coronary stent because it also reduces the import of the coronary stent.

-Kalam Raju Tablet

In 2012 again Abdul Kalam and Soma Raju designed a tablet name called Kalam Raju Tablet. Which they made it for the rural area for better healthcare administration.

Through this, any healthcare administrative can easily access the patient information and retrieve patient history.

-Light Weight Callipers

By the suggestion of Abdul Kalam, Dr. L.Narendranath has made Light Weight Callipers for polio patients. Because those calipers which were available before making of it were weighted of 4 kg.

They made it with glass-filled polypropylene. which weighed 300 grams. Calipers were also available at the cheap price of 500rs, so poor people can also be afforded them. Previously their price used to be around 3500 to 4000.

Presidency Era

Abdul Kalam was elected the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both Indian National Parties BJP and INC. He has been awarded the renowned Bharat Ratan Award, which is India’s highest civilian honor.

And was the third President of India to receive this award. Dr.Kalam was known as the people’s president.

During his presidency, he said that signing the profit law was the most difficult decision he ever made. Dr. Kalam received the title of President with 922,884 votes, identifying his opponent, Lakshmi Saghal, with 107366 votes.

He also spoke out against the death penalty, said that we cannot take away someone’s life that God gave. When he left President Bhavan, a dozen requests for clemency were found in his office.

In 2007, he decided not to get involved in politics and backed down. And after July 25, 2007, when he left president Bhavan, he began his work as a visiting professor at colleges.

Last Words

On July 27, 2015, Dr. Kalam was giving a speech at IIM Shillong. Where he suddenly had a heart attack and due to his critical condition was admitted to Bethany Hospital.

Soon we heard that he is no more. His last words were to Shrijan Pal Singh, “Funny guy, you’re doing well”.On July 30, 2015, Dr. Kalam was honorably buried on the land of Pei Karumbu Rameshwaram. The ceremony of his death was attended by 35,000 people.

“You have to dream before your dream can come true”

Dr.Abdul Kalam


1-1981 – Padma Bhushan

2-1990 – Padma Vibhushan

31994 and 1995- Distinguished Fellow and Honorary Fellow by Institute of Directors India and National Academy of Medical Sciences

4-1997 – Bharat Ratna by the government

51998 – Veer Savarkar Award by the government

62000 – Ramanujan Award from Alwar Research Center in Chennai

7-2007 – He received the King Charles II Medal of the Royal Society of England and a Doctorate Award from the University of Wolverhampton, England.

82008 – the USA, Hoover Medal from ASME Foundation and Ph.D. from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

9-2009 – He received the Kalam International Von Karman Wings Award from the California Institute of Technology, USA, the Hoover Medal from the ASME Foundation, and the honorary doctorate from Oakland University

102010 – Engineering Ph.D., University of Waterloo

112011 – IEEE honored Kalam with IEEE Honorary Membership

12-2012 – Simon Fraser University JD

13-2013 – National Space Society Von Braun Award

142014 – Ph.D. from Edinburgh University, England

Dr. Kalam has received an honorary doctorate from 40 universities. Also, his 79th birthday is recognized by the United Nations as World Students Day.

He was also nominated for the MTV Youth Icon of the Year in 2003 and 2006. There are many colleges and institutions, which have been built by using his name to giving him gratitude.

Dr.Kalam Famous Quotes

1You should not give up and we should not allow the problem to defeat us

2If you want to shine like a sun first burn like a sun

3I was willing to accept what I couldn’t change

4All of us don’t have equal talent but all of us have an equal opportunity to develop our talents

5Man needs difficulties in life because they are necessary to enjoy the success

6-Don’t take rest after your first victory because if you fail in second, more lips are waiting to say that your first victory was just luck

7Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow

8I am not handsome but I can give my hand to someone who needs help because beauty is required in the heart, not in the face

9-The best brains of the nation may be found on the last benches of the classroom

10Excellence happens not by accident It is a process

11Winners are not those who never fail but those who never quit

12Two rules for a peaceful life; Depression in failure should never go to heart and ego in success should never go to the brain

13Luxury and lies have huge maintenance cost but truth and simplicity are self-maintained without any cost

14To succeed in your mission you must have single-minded devotion to your goal

15If you fail never give up because fail means the first attempt at learning

16Creativity is seeing the same thing but thinking differently

17Never be a prisoner of your past It was just a lesson, not a life sentence

18When our signature change to autograph this marks the success

Suggested Book

For a better understanding of the biography of A.P.J Abdul Kalam, you can opt for one book called – Wings of Fire: An Autobiography of Abdul Kalam

Written by – Arun Tiwari

You must read it.


At last, many leaders came to power and lost, but talking about him was inspiring and totally different. He had invented many things for the country, done a great job in life, but he never have disrespected anyone.

While he was a kind-hearted person who lived his life most simply. Truly a great man and scholar in India, who has never had any haters throughout his life.

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